What is weather?
Weather is the short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific location. It is influenced by factors such as temperature, humidity, wind, precipitation, and cloud cover. Weather can change rapidly, from hour to hour or even from minute to minute.
What is climate?
Climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time in a specific region. It is influenced by factors such as latitude, elevation, and proximity to the ocean. Climate changes slowly, over decades or even centuries.
Key differences between weather and climate
The following table summarizes the key differences between weather and climate:
|Time scale||Short-term (hours to days)||Long-term (decades to centuries)|
|Variability||Highly variable||Less variable|
|Factors||Temperature, humidity, wind, precipitation, cloud cover||Latitude, elevation, proximity to the ocean|
Examples of weather and climate
Here are some examples of weather and climate:
- Weather: A thunderstorm on a hot summer day
- Climate: The Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters
Weather and climate are two related but distinct concepts. Weather is the short-term atmospheric conditions in a specific location, while climate is the average weather conditions over a long period of time in a specific region. Understanding the difference between weather and climate is important for a variety of reasons, such as planning for outdoor activities and understanding the impacts of climate change.