FAQs series (climate change, sustainability, environment): Part 7

National Pollution Control Day is observed every year on December 2 in India to raise awareness about the impacts of pollution on the environment and public health.

The lowest layer of the atmosphere is called the troposphere. This layer extends from the Earth’s surface up to approximately 7-20 km depending on the location.

Sustainable development was coined by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) in its 1987 report titled “Our Common Future”. The report defines sustainable development as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

The ozone layer is found in the stratosphere, which is the layer above the troposphere. It is located approximately 10-50 km above the Earth’s surface.

The International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is observed on September 16 every year to raise awareness about the depletion of the ozone layer and the efforts to protect it.

The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty that aims to protect wetlands and promote their sustainable use. It was signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971.

There are 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015. These goals include eradicating poverty, promoting sustainable agriculture, ensuring access to clean water and sanitation, and taking action on climate change.

National Pollution Control Day is observed every year on December 2 in India to commemorate the tragic incident of the Bhopal gas tragedy, which occurred on December 2-3, 1984.

World Water Day is observed every year on March 22 to raise awareness about the importance of freshwater and the sustainable management of water resources.

The Montreal Protocol and the Vienna Convention are international treaties aimed at protecting the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances.

The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden in 1972. It was the first international conference on environmental issues and led to the establishment of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

The Bishnoi community is a group of people in Rajasthan, India, who are known for their conservation efforts, including the protection of trees and wildlife.

As we go from ground level to tropopause, the temperature generally decreases. This is because the troposphere is heated from the ground up by radiation and convection.

The approach of environmental studies is interdisciplinary, drawing on knowledge and methods from various fields, including biology, chemistry, physics, geology, and social sciences.

Minamata disease is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. It was first identified in Minamata, Japan in the 1950s, where a chemical factory had released large amounts of mercury into the local waters.

The correct option for the lowest layer of the atmosphere is the troposphere.

Who wrote the book Silent Spring? Silent Spring was written by Rachel Carson, an American marine biologist, in 1962. It is considered a landmark book in the history of environmentalism and is credited with launching the modern environmental movement.

Between which states does the Cauvery water dispute exist? The Cauvery water dispute is a longstanding issue between the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The dispute centers around the sharing of waters from the Cauvery River, which originates in Karnataka and flows into Tamil Nadu.

What are some abiotic factors of an ecosystem? Abiotic factors are non-living components of an ecosystem that influence the biotic (living) components. Some examples of abiotic factors include temperature, rainfall, sunlight, soil type, and nutrient availability.

What is every level in a food chain known as? Every level in a food chain is known as a trophic level. There are typically three to four trophic levels in a basic food chain, starting with the primary producers (plants) and ending with the top predator.

What is the general pattern of a pyramid of energy? A pyramid of energy is a graphical representation of the energy flow in an ecosystem. The general pattern of a pyramid of energy is that energy decreases as it moves up the trophic levels. This means that there is less energy available to higher-level consumers than there is to lower-level producers.

What is the Bishnoi case study related to? The Bishnoi case study is related to the Bishnoi community in Rajasthan, India, who have a long-standing tradition of environmental conservation. The case study highlights the efforts of the Bishnoi people to protect the Khejri tree, which is considered sacred and plays an important role in the local ecosystem.

What is a summary of the book Lost Spring? “Lost Spring” is a non-fiction book by Anees Jung that explores the lives of children living in poverty in India. The book is a collection of stories that highlight the struggles and hardships faced by these children, many of whom work as rag pickers, street vendors, or in other menial jobs. The book also examines the broader social and economic factors that contribute to poverty in India.

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